Mechanisms of action of second generation antipsychotic drugs in schizophrenia: European Psychiatry 20, 15— Voxelwise meta-analysis of gray matter abnormalities in bipolar disorder. Biological Psychiatry 67, —
Abstract Most theoretical treatments of intimate partner violence IPV focus on individual-level processes. Some researchers have attempted to situate IPV within the larger neighborhood context, but few studies have sought to link structural- and individual-level factors.
The current analyses fill a research gap by examining the role of anger and depression in the association between neighborhood disadvantage and IPV.
Using data from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study TARS and the Census, this study focuses on structural indicators of disadvantage as well as subjective disorder, and highlights the complex associations between neighborhood conditions, emotional distress, and IPV. Findings indicate that anger and depressive symptoms partially explain the association between neighborhood disadvantage and IPV.
Results underscore the need to further consider the role of neighborhood factors both objective and subjective in relation to IPV, and also suggest the utility of introducing individual-level emotional measures to assess the circumstances under which neighborhoods matter most.
Yet while we know much about certain risk factors and consequences, fewer studies have examined the processes that link structural and individual correlates underlying risk for intimate partner violence.
Importantly, there is renewed effort to contextualize IPV, highlighting higher-order risk factors and associated processes. As such, scholars have begun to focus on how neighborhood context influences intimate partner violence. Thus, it is an advancement that much recent scholarship has shown that neighborhoods matter for IPV, but we still need to uncover the possible ways that they matter.
To date, most of the research on neighborhoods and IPV has focused on neighborhood structural characteristics, generally overlooking how residents subjectively experience their neighborhoods and whether these perceptions have consequences for IPV.
Further, most of the work specifying potential mediating mechanisms has drawn on a social disorganization framework. Additionally, recent research on IPV has shown a strong connection between this form of behavior and affective processes, suggesting the utility of examining the role of emotions as factors that link neighborhood context and variability in IPV risk.
Using data from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study TARSwe examine neighborhood variation in IPV perpetration to determine whether neighborhood disadvantage and subjective disorder influence IPV, and further, whether these associations are explained by individual-level indicators of emotional distress anger and depressive symptoms.
Additional analyses, situated in the theoretical framework of structural amplification, Mirowsky and Ross ; Ross, Mirowsky, and Pribesh consider whether the associations between emotional distress and IPV are moderated by disadvantage and disorder.
Yet as Browning Much of the current scholarship linking neighborhood structure to IPV highlights economic disadvantage as an especially salient factor. In the mids, for example, scholars began examining the association between community economic factors and IPV, although with rather restricted samples.
In addition to community-focused studies, researchers relying on important nationally representative studies have examined the link between neighborhood economic disadvantage and IPV.
An exception to the generally observed association was noted by Lauritsen and Schaum ; using the National Crime Victimization Survey NCVSthey found that higher poverty levels decreased IPV, but cautioned against drawing conclusions because this finding might be due to multicollinearity or spuriousness.
The above scholarship has been important in linking neighborhoods to IPV, but has yet to provide a compelling explanation of the processes via which neighborhoods influence partner violence. Moreover, by focusing exclusively on neighborhood structural characteristics, it has not thoroughly examined other neighborhood factors that may heighten IPV risk, particularly subjective considerations.
Our objectives in this paper are to contribute further to scholarship in this area by considering variability in the subjective experience of neighborhood conditions as well as more objective indicators of neighborhood disadvantageand exploring the role of emotional processes as potential mediators of these neighborhood effects.
Additional models explore the potential for neighborhood conditions to moderate the effect of negative emotional processes as influences on the experience of IPV.UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS PSYCHOLOGY - arteensevilla.com - The Impact of Psychosocial Factors on Development - Marilyn B.
Benoit ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) in development. At best, we can state that with any biological predisposition, the environment of the home in which a child is raised, and the larger social environment.
Using data from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (TARS) and the Census, this study focuses on structural indicators of disadvantage as well as subjective disorder, and highlights the complex associations between neighborhood conditions, emotional distress, and IPV. Archives and past articles from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and arteensevilla.com Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook.
If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit arteensevilla.com to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. I interviewed a twelfth grader named Michael who is sixteen years old.
He is a Vietnamese male who lives with his mother, father, and two older sisters who are in college. He resigns in a poverty stricken neighbor hood and his family is on welfare. In , Philip Kennedy, a scientist and physician, created the world's first human cyborg from Johnny Ray, a Vietnam veteran who suffered a stroke.
Michael Chorost wrote a memoir of his experience with cochlear Although the device is only currently used as a research tool to study changes in heart rate, in the future the membrane may.