Practical Examples of Phrases, Sample Comments and Templates Leadership Skills Use these practical examples of phrases, sample comments and templates for your performance review, feedback survey or manager appraisal. The following examples not only relate to leadership but also supervision, managerial style, caring about direct reports, command skills, confronting direct reports, delegation skills, developing direct reports, fairness to direct reports, managerial courage, managing measurable work and generally being an exceptional leader.
These concerns are justified for several reasons.
Children who frequently exhibit challenging behavior may have fewer friends or lower academic performance, and research links the persistent challenging behavior of young children to more serious behavior problems and negative consequences as they get older Dunlap et al. But just as behavior can affect all aspects of a learning environment, all the aspects of a learning environment can be structured to promote positive behavior.
PBS is a comprehensive process often applied as a continuum of increasingly individualized practices Stormont et al. This continuum involves universal supports for all children that include building strong relationships and providing a high-quality environment, more targeted preventive practices for some children who may need more social-emotional support, and individualized interventions for children who need extensive support.
The elements in the self-assessment address universal practices appropriate for all children during day-to-day classroom activities, so this tool is appropriate for all preschool settings, whether or not they have formally adopted PBS.
Overview of the self-assessment Designed to be brief, the self-assessment can be completed by teachers in 10 to 20 minutes. The tool contains four sections aligned with preventive practices in positive behavior support: Develop a predictable classroom environment Define and teach expectations Acknowledge appropriate behavior and respond consistently to challenging behavior Use data to inform decisions about behavior Stormont et al.
The self-assessment was developed by the authors and adapted from the three assessment tools used for assessing the implementation of PBS practices: Self-Assessment Revised Simonsen et al. Self-Assessment Revised, a self-assessment tool designed for K—12 teachers. Language and key features specific to positive feedback examples business plans settings were modeled on the TPOT and PreSET, both of which are designed for early childhood settings but are research tools used by outside observers.
Like all tools, self-assessments have limitations. When teachers assess themselves, they may not see their practices in the same way outside observers do.
However, when used thoughtfully and carefully, this self-assessment can be a powerful tool for reflection. This form did both for me. Thus, the first section of the self-assessment contains items that relate to creating a predictable, orderly learning environment.
Items in this section focus on developing positive relationships with children and families, designing the physical environment of the classroom to maximize structure and predictability, developing clear and consistent schedules and routines, and implementing effective transitions.
Teachers can support positive behavior throughout transitions by planning for them ahead of time, alerting children before transitions occur, and providing a clear signal at the beginning of each transition. Providing a warning and building in reminders of expectations can also be helpful, such as a teacher giving the reminder: Can we start any new projects now?
Teachers can also treat transitions as opportunities to discuss expectations for the next activity e. Defining and teaching expectations The second section of the self-assessment addresses expectations.
Taking an instructional approach to behavior gives children the chance to learn and practice how to behave in a learning environment. Adults often assume that children know how to act appropriately Stormont et al.
Teachers can avoid this pitfall by identifying a small number of behavioral expectations e. In the classroom, teaching this expectation could involve making a picture chart of places where children may run or walk during a group meeting.
Acknowledging appropriate behavior and responding to challenging behavior The third area of the self-assessment involves practices that teachers use to acknowledge appropriate behavior and respond to challenging behavior. Providing children with specific, positive feedback helps them learn what appropriate behavior looks like.
Verbally commending appropriate behavior as it occurs is an essential tool for classroom management, but teachers can create opportunities for more formal recognition of positive behavior.
It is important that teachers also take care to define for the classroom community what inappropriate behavior looks like and develop a plan to respond to it consistently and logically.
For example, some behavior e. Teachers can then use the data to make decisions that support positive behavior more effectively. They can use this information to target an issue by revisiting an expectation, providing more practice, or making changes to a routine that is not working.
Self-assessment process in action To use the tool, teachers first rate how consistently Always, Sometimes, Never they implement each feature listed. Consistency in schedules, expectations, and consequences help children gain independence and learn that appropriate behavior works.
Next, teachers review the features they rated Always to identify their strengths.
Teachers then review features they rated Sometimes or Never and determine which of them are priorities for improvement. Finally, teachers create an action plan that outlines measurable steps they will take to achieve classroom management goals.
The following vignette illustrates how a teacher might use the tool. Sonia has taught preschool in a community-based center for five years.Why are these simple messages of truth and love that can change our lives so absent in culture and the environment that raises us?
Why do we have to discover these positive affirmations by accident and feel like we have found a new gold mine whereas almost all of it is found in ancient messages.
In positive feedback systems, the effector of a process bolsters the stimulus, which increases the production of the product.
One common example of a positive feedback system in living things is.
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ABCs of Behavior An easy method for remembering the order of behavioral components: Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence.