Racing the enemy thesis

I think that Richard B. Hasegawa has done some excellent research into this period, and his insights into the Soviet sphere are especially illuminating.

Racing the enemy thesis

Additional Information In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Stalin, Truman, and the Surrender of Japan Harvard University press, has received a great deal of favorable press since its publication last year.

Reviewers in leading newspapers have called it "brilliant and definitive," "a landmark book," "the definitive analysis" of the American decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan, etc. Hasegawa's extensive use of Japanese and Russian sources has added to the book's luster.

His multilingual source base is what presumably gives his book the vital "international context" allegedly missing from earlier volumes on the American use of atomic weapons against Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Japanese surrender that finally put an end to World War II. Racing the Enemy is an opportune arrival for the increasingly beleaguered critics of the American use of atomic weapons against Japan, who, in the historians' debate over the bomb, usually have been classified as "revisionists " as opposed to "orthodox" or "traditional " historians who have evaluated the atomic bomb decision as necessary to end the war.

As made by Gar Alperovitz more than forty years ago, the original revisionist argument maintained that the atomic bomb was used primarily to intimidate the Soviet Union in order to gain the upper hand in Eastern Europe and to keep Moscow out ofthe war in the Far East.

Racing the enemy thesis

While the whole cloth of this "atomic diplomacy" thesis was too extreme for most revisionists, they wove bits and pieces of it into their own critiques of the bombing ofHiroshima. Revisionism's heyday lasted until the s. Then the historiographical ground began to shift.

A new body of scholarly work emerged, often based on hitherto unavailable documents, which countered revisionist arguments that the atomic bomb was primarily a diplomatic weapon inthat Japan would have surrendered prior to the planned U. The scholars producing these books and articles provided powerful support for Truman's decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan.

Codebreaking and the War against Japan chronicled how Allied intelligence tracked the Japanese military buildup on the southernmost home island ofKyushu in the months prior to Hiroshima, a buildup that demonstrated Tokyo's intent to fight to the bitter end and rendered all "low" casualty estimates dating from the spring and early summer of —the estimates relied upon by revisionist historians—obsolete and irrelevant months before American soldiers were scheduled to land in Japan.

In Robert P. Newman's Truman and the Hiroshima Cult demolished the credibility of the United States Strategic Bombing Survey's claim that Japan would have surrendered in the fall of absent both the atomic bombs and the Soviet entry into the war, while Robert James Maddox's Weapons for Victory: The Hiroshima Decision Fifty Years Later effectively dismantled what was left ofthe "atomic diplomacy" thesis.

Two years later, in "Casualty Projections for the U. Invasion of Japan, Giangreco conclusively documented the existence of enormous casualty projections, some of which undeniably reached Truman and his top advisors.

The next year, in "The Shock ofthe Atomic Bomb and Japan's Decision to Surrender—A Reconsideration" Pacific Historical Review, NovemberSadao Asada, relying on a thorough review of Japanese-language sources, exposed as untenable the contention that Japan was prepared to surrender before Hiroshima or that a modification of the Potsdam Declaration guaranteeing the status of the emperor would have produced a Japanese surrender.

These and other works culminated in Richard B. The End ofthe Imperial Japanese Empire, published in Frank brought together the evidence already mentioned and a great deal more, including crucial Japanese-language sources, leaving virtually every aspect ofthe revisionist case in tatters.1!The term,Japanese Americans, when used throughout this thesis, includesboth United States citizens of Japanese ancestry and non-U.S.

citizen Japanese residents in the United States. 2!The word “scapegoat” originates from the Jewish Bible in Leviticus "Racing the Enemy" is a meticulous yet gripping reconstruction of the three-sided diplomacy surrounding the surrender of Japan in The author's basic aim is to recreate the perspectives of policymakers in Tokyo, Washington and Moscow.

The long debate among historians about American motives and Japanese efforts at ending World War II is finally resolved in Racing the Enemy, Tsuyoshi Hasegawa’s brilliant and definitive study of American, Soviet and Japanese records of the last weeks of the war.

Racing the enemy thesis

Racing the Enemy is an opportune arrival for the increasingly beleaguered critics ofthe American use of atomic weapons against Japan, who, in the historians' debate over the "atomic diplomacy" thesis was too extreme for most revisionists, they wove bits and pieces of .

H-Diplo Roundtable- Racing the Enemy Roundtable, Roundtable Editor’s Introduction [Maddux] earlier cooperation gives way to competition with the U.S. increasingly trying to . Racing the enemy Stalin, Truman, and the surrender of Japan / "In the first international history of the end of World War II in the Pacific - the only book to fully integrate the roles of the United States, the Soviet Union, and Japan - Tsuyoshi Hasegawa traces an intricate diplomatic and military end game as he shatters standard accounts of the Japanese.

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