Origins "Nihilism" comes from the Latin nihil, or nothing, which means not anything, that which does not exist.
Being means existence, or the fact that something can exist. Heidegger approaches the concept of being from multiple perspectives. Being is the quality of existence, or the fact that something exists. Does this mean the opposite of Being is Nothingness? What does Heidegger say about anti-matter?
Heidegger also probes the force that causes a thing or concept to come into being.
It may only be possible to contemplate the quality or state of being if the thinker exists, meaning that a nothing cannot think about a something. Heidegger comes close to suggesting the existence of a collective human soul, a grand Being, which he calls Dasein. The Dasein is not quite like the Nietzsche, but it is an archetypal super being that has the potential to contemplate existence.
The concept of the absurd resolves a classic existential dilemma: Camus suggests that it is acceptable if life has no meaning, and that people can still live happy and fulfilling lives without an ultimate sense of meaning.
The search for meaning can in itself be viewed as an absurdity in the human condition. In "The Myth of Sisyphus," Camus claims that the only way to resolve existential angst is accepting the absurdity of life and moving through it.
The central allegory of the Myth of Sisyphus is a Greek story of Sisyphus, who is punished to eternal damnation on earth by having to roll a rock up a hill.
The rock rolls down again, and so Sisyphus is in a state of perpetual motion. Nothing is happening, but if Sisyphus can accept the absurdity in the situation, he can achieve liberation. This mentality can be applied to any frustrating situation in life.
Any time a person feels trapped, the simple awareness and acceptance of that fact can lead to mental liberation.
Sigmund Freud wrote "Civilization and its Discontents" in Freud discusses social psychology, explaining how an individual struggles to maintain a personal identity as well as a collective identity.
Freud expanded upon this general concept in his theory of the personality as being divided into id, ego, and superego.
The id is the desire that all people have for food, sex, and pleasure.
This is what Freud refers to as the pleasure principle. Most people have heard of the Freudian concepts that are outlined in "Civilization and its Discontents.Albert Camus (–) was a journalist, editor and editorialist, playwright and director, novelist and author of short stories, political essayist and activist—and, although he more than once denied it, a philosopher.
Albert Camus (/ k æ ˈ m uː /; French: [albɛʁ kamy] (listen); 7 November – 4 January ) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist.
His views contributed to the rise of the philosophy known as arteensevilla.com wrote in his essay The Rebel that his whole life was devoted to opposing the philosophy of nihilism while still delving deeply into .
Albert Camus and The Absurd Essay - The Stranger, by Albert Camus, is the story of Meursault, a man who cares not for the future, nor the past. He lives without meaning, without rationality, without emotions.
The Contemporary Relevance of Albert Camus Essay - The Contemporary Relevance of Albert Camus ABSTRACT: After years of continual social transformations under the push of industrialization, capitalism, world-wide social revolutions, and the development of modern science, what reasonably remains of the traditional faith in divine.
Camus is good for fiction. Or probably during the war when he was writing underground articles for the resistance. But I Don't recommend Camus for actual philosophical treatises or arguments as he negates his own points quite often.
Existentialism (/ ˌ ɛ ɡ z ɪ ˈ s t ɛ n ʃ əl ɪ z əm /) is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences, shared the belief that philosophical thinking begins with the human subject—not merely the thinking subject, but the acting, feeling, living human individual.